Emergency management is a function that is managerial in form and is in charge of developing framework that is within individual communities to help reduce their vulnerability to different hazards and to be able to cope with disasters that might hit a community.
The vision of all emergency management teams is to try and promote safer and less vulnerable communities with the ability to be able to cope with all hazards and disasters. Their missions are to protect their communities by making sure to integrate all the activities needed to build, sustain and to improve the capability to prepare for, respond to and to recover from natural disasters, acts of terrorism or man made disasters.
There are several principles that all emergency management teams need to follow:
- Must be comprehensive: This means that emergency managers need to consider and take into consideration all hazards, all phases, stakeholders and all the impacts that are relevant to any disaster.
- Must be progressive: This means that all emergency managers need to anticipate future disasters and to try and take preventive and preparatory measures to help build a disaster resistant as well as disaster resilient community.
- Must be risk driven: All emergency managers must use sound risk management principles such as hazard identification, risk analysis and impact analysis when assigning priorities.
- Must be integrated: This means that all emergency managers must ensure unity of efforts among all the different levels of government and all the elements of the community.
- Must be collaborative: They must create as well as sustain a broad and sincere relationship among all individuals and organizations that will encourage trust, advocate a team atmosphere, build a consensus and make sure there is open and clear communication.
- Must be coordinated: They need to be able to synchronize all the activities that are relevant to stakeholders in order to achieve a common purpose.
- Must be flexible: Emergency managers need to be able to use creative as well as innovative approaches when solving disaster challenges.
- Must be professional: They must be able to value a science and knowledge based approach that is based on education, experience, training, ethical practice, continuous improvement and public stewardship.